Center for Environment, Commerce & Energy

Carbon Dioxide Reduction Program

CDR Program

The Center for Environment, Commerce & Energy (CECE or Center) has established a Carbon Dioxide Reduction (CDR) Program to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from vehicles by recruiting companies and individuals to participate in a flexible work schedule that will primarily include telecommuting, but could also utilize other practices and technologies. Total emissions of carbon dioxide in the United States and its territories were 5,795.6 million metric tons in 2002, according to the Energy Information Administration . Carbon dioxide emissions from the transportation sector, at 1,849.7 million metric tons, accounted for 32.3 percent of total U.S. energy-related carbon dioxide emissions in 2002. (EIA)

The Carbon Dioxide Reduction Program is designed to reduce emissions of the primary greenhouse gas from vehicles by promoting the use of broadband telecommuting to take vehicles off of the road, thus eliminating the CO2 that would have otherwise been emitted during the drive to and from work. The Center will work with other companies, institutions and organizations to recruit participants for the program. The Center will partner with primary partner companies that are promoting a broadband-based climate change program to serve as a verification entity for our participant recruiting.

The Center will recruit participants from companies, institutions and organizations to sign up for flex work telecommuting. The employer or the individual, the participant partner companies, will join the CDR Program and the employer or individual will certify by letter that they have signed up for the program. The employer or the individual will send a copy of the certification to the Center's primary company partner, which will verify that the employer or individaul is participating in the program. The primary partner company will send the letter to the Center and that letter will be the collateral for the carbon dioxide allowance. The Center will calculate the CO2 reduction and deposit the credit into our Carbon Mercantile Exchange. The Center will send a certificate to the company or the individual noting the amount of the carbon dioxide reduction.

The Carbon Mercantile Exchange (CMX) is a service provided by the Center that allows for trading carbon dioxide, methane, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and mercury. Participants can reduce their "emission footprint," the total emissions created by driving, flying, usnig electricity and other activities, by purchasing allowances from the exchange. CMX can be used to complement other emissions offset programs. CMX is easy to use and fully transparent. All transactions are open for public review. The CMX will market the offsets to entities that want to reduce or eliminate their carbon dioxide footprint.

The CDR Program intends to demonstrate how broadband can be used to reduce global warming. Broadband is a transmission method where multiple pieces of data are sent simultaneously to increase the effective rate of transmission and can handle a wide range of frequencies that can be divided into channels. Broadband makes it possible to use multiple applications at once, such as email, surfing multiple websites using Windows, Skype webcam and text, editing a blog and uploading videos to YouTube all at the same time. Broadband makes it possible for people to work from home or even run a virtual office from home.that illustrates the possibilities for the wide adoption and use of broadband as an important tool in addressing major environmental issues like climate change. Broadband can be an effective tool for environmental protection by using "intelligent technologies" that more precisely calibrate energy use; make cars, appliances, buildings, airplane engines, and industrial processes more energy efficient; and assist in reducing the need for energy-intensive travel can significantly cut back on the use of carbon based fuels.




Carbon Offset Providers

A Consumer's Guide to Retail Carbon Offset Providers

A report prepared for Clean Air-Cool Planet

By Trexler Climate Energy Services

December 2006

The report (A Consumer's Guide to Retail Carbon Offset Providers) is intended to identify providers that perform best against the report methodology thus offering direction, based on the key attributes identified, to potential purchasers on what makes a retail carbon offset provider. Thirty providers were reviewed for the study; companies were asked to respond to a detailed questionnaire.

This report focuses solely on providers specifically offering organizations or individuals carbon\par neutrality through their websites. It does not include organizations developing and selling carbon offsets on a larger scale to utilities and others, nor does it profile renewable energy credit providers and brokers\par active in the field of renewable energy credits (RECs) who do not sell into the retail market for climate neutrality.


Voluntary Carbon Market

World Wildlife Fund Publishes Report on Voluntary Carbon Market

March 2008 - - The World Wildlife Fund (WFF) has just published a new report on:

"Making Sense of the Voluntary Carbon Market - A Comparison of Carbon Offset Standards"

The study has been written by Anja Kollmuss and Clifford Polycarp from the Stockholm Environment Institute and Helge Zink from Tricorona. The report discusses the role of the voluntary carbon offset market. It provides an overview and guide to the most important currently available standards, using the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) as a benchmark. The report compares the standards side-by-side and outlines the most pertinent aspects of each. It also includes a handy one page reference table for a quick comparison of the standards. The evaluated standards are:

• Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)

• Gold Standard (GS)

• Voluntary Carbon Standard 2007 (VCS 2007)

• VER+

• Voluntary Offset Standard (VOS)

• Chicago Climate Exchange (CCX)

• Climate, Community & Biodiversity Standards (CCBS)

• Plan Vivo System

• ISO 14064-2

• GHG Protocol for Project Accounting

WWF's press release and guidelines

The report and executive summary can also be downloaded from SEI-US’s website

Juliette de Grandpré

Energy and Carbon Markets

WWF Germany

Große Präsidentenstr. 10

D-10178 Berlin


Anja Kollmuss

Associate Scientist Stockholm Environment Institute - US

11 Curtis Avenue

Somerville, MA 02144-1224, USA

Tel:  +1 (617) 627-3786 8#

Fax: +1 (617) 449-9603


SEI is an independent research affiliate of Tufts University